5th grade levels math classes based on ability and learning style. Students who have had particular challenges in math or who have not been able to memorize basic facts are placed in a class with fewer students and a greater use of manipulatives. Those students for whom math is a particular strength are placed in a class where there is a greater emphasis on problem solving and the opportunity to move beyond the expected curriculum. The math class grouping is fluid and students may move from one class to another to best fit their needs. All classes cover at least the basic common core curriculum. The big ideas, listed below, often require prerequisite understand that will be addressed as content is taught.
Student will develop an understanding of and fluency in addition and subtraction of fractions with unlike denominators. They will also understand the relationship between the multiplication and division of fractions, and know how to multiply fractions and divide unit fractions by whole numbers.
There will be an emphasis on the base-ten number system, which will include multiplying and dividing by powers of ten. This will then apply to converting units in the metric system. Students will understand and become fluent in computing with decimals and decimal notation. They will understand the relationship between decimal and fraction notation.
Students will understand and become fluent in determining volume, decomposing three-dimensional shapes and finding volumes of right rectangular prisms that make up that figure.
In addition to these big ideas, students will write and interpret numerical expressions, analyze patterns and relationships, convert measurement units in both the metric and customary systems, represent and interpret data in graphic form, plot points on coordinate grids, classify two-dimensional figures, etc.
Success in math requires students to ask questions, show perseverance, practice skills, reason abstractly and quantitatively, explain answers, follow directions, and complete nightly homework.